Explore your potentials with no bound

Get conceptual clarity and be strong in basics.

Explore your potentials with no bound

Get conceptual clarity and be strong in basics.

Recent blog posts

Semaglutide – Mechanism, precautions and side effects

12 Apr 2024

Semaglutide is one of the long-acting GLP-1 receptor agonists. It is orally available to control typ ....

Letrozole - Precautions and side effects

12 Apr 2024

Letrozole is a well-known drug that is classified as an aromatase inhibitor, and letrozole is a non- ....

Triamcinolone acetonide cream

12 Apr 2024

Triamcinolone acetonide is given as a cream for topical purposes. It can be used in the treatment of ....

8 Important facts of buspirone

12 Apr 2024

Buspirone is one of the anxiolytics used for the short-term management of anxiety, particularly in t ....

Tamsulosin - Important precautions and side effects

12 Apr 2024

Tamsulosin is indicated for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia, and it should be used wit ....

Tamsulosin - 8 important things to consider

05 Aug 2023

How to take this tamsulosin, at what time it should be taken, what is the right dose of tamsulosin, ....

Potassium sparing diuretics – Mechanism and actions

08 Apr 2020

Normally we know the diuretics like furosmide and chlorthiazide that increase the excretion of sodiu ....

Drugs given mainly by IV infusion

20 Mar 2020

What is the most suitable route of administration for many of the drugs? Undoubtedly, it is oral rou ....

Calculation of Area Under Curve (AUC)

19 Mar 2020

When a drug is administered by oral route and its plasma concentrations were measured time to time, ....

Calculation of Percentage ionization of weak electrolytes

19 Mar 2020

Sometimes we need to know the status of ionization of an organic compound in order to assess few of ....

Spironolactone – Mechanism, side effects, interactions and precautions

17 Mar 2020

Spironolactone is a potassium sparing diuretic that can be used in variety of clinical indications m ....

Tensilon test for diagnosis of Myasthenia gravis

05 Mar 2020

Do you have experienced anytime muscle weakness and fatigue? That’s a common point in ever ....

Calculation of displacement value in easy way

02 Mar 2020

How we make suppositories? Simply we mix drug with suppository base and pour into the moulds of one ....

Atypical antipsychotics vs typical antipsychotics

06 Aug 2019

Chlorpromazine as well as clozapine, both used for treatment of schizophrenia. Is there any differen ....

Phenothiazines- Mechanism, side effects and uses

06 Aug 2019

Phenothiazines are one class of typical antipsychotics that are indicated for schizophrenia. This ch ....

Chemistry of phenothiazine antipsychotics

06 Aug 2019

Phenothiazines are one class of old generation antipsychotics with lot of interest focussed on their ....

7 types of medication that are often confused

06 Aug 2019

We come across so many drug names in pharmacology and many of the times they can be remembered easil ....

8 types of medication given as nasal sprays

03 Aug 2019

What the nasal sprays contain? Interestingly, apart from decongestants they may also contain many ot ....

Aripiprazole – An atypical antipsychotic with unique action

02 Aug 2019

Aripiprazole is a second generation or atypical antipsychotic commonly known by its brand name abili ....

Nasal decongestants for stuffy nose

01 Aug 2019

Nasal decongestants are used for stuffy nose? What they contain and how they are given? Let’s see th ....

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Recent questions

What are activating and deactivating groups

24 Apr 2020

If we compare the relative reactivity of the aromatic compounds towards electrophilic substitution reactions, which will be more reactive? Whether phenol or benzoic acid? Practically, the reactivity is observed more with phenol than with benzoic acid as the former has activating group while later is having deactivating group.....

Why cAMP produces contraction in heart but relaxation in smooth muscle

05 Aug 2019

Quite interestingly one of the important mediators, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) has dual role in our physiological system. It produces contraction of cardiac muscle at the same it produces relaxation in smooth muscle.....

What are the annulenes?

22,Mar 2019

Let's draw a cyclic ring and put double bonds alternatively. You can start with ring sizes 3,4, 5...so on and you can increase ring size as you wish. Interestingly you can find a common thing in all these rings. ....

Does tramadol act as an opioid?


Tramadol is an opioid with potential risk of seizures, serotonin syndrome, suicidal initiation and drug abuse. It should be restricted for low risk patients.....

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