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Get conceptual clarity and be strong in basics.

Explore your potentials with no bound

Get conceptual clarity and be strong in basics.

Recent blog posts

Trazodone side effects

5 Jun 2024

For treating anxiety or insomnia, trazadone should be started at a low dose. However, in the treatme ....

Bimatoprost eye drops – 0.01% and 0.03%

5 Jun 2024

Bimatoprost is given once daily in order to reduce intraocular pressure in open angle glaucoma and o ....

7 Important facts about Naltrexone

30 May 2024

Naltrexone is one of the medications that can be used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism. It ca ....

Side effects of Metoprolol

30 May 2024

Metoprolol is a beta blocker, which can be clearly identified by its suffix "-olol." Among ....

Pantoprazole – 8 important side effects

30 May 2024

Pantoprazole is one of the well-known medications that is classified as a proton pump inhibitor (PPI ....

Olmesartan medoxomil – Uses, precautions, side effects

29 May 2024

Blood pressure is one of the essential conditions for maintaining daily activities, but when this bl ....

Why is esmolol given by IV infusion?

29 May 2024

Beta-blockers can be classified as non-selective as well as selective beta-blockers based on how the ....

Alfuzosin for BPH – Precautions and side effects

28 May 2024

Alfuzosin is an alpha-1 blocker. We have a few other drugs like prazosin, doxazosin, and terazosin, ....

Amlodipine – Mechanism, precautions and uses

28 May 2024

Amlodipine is one of the calcium channel blockers, commonly known as CCB, but this drug can be diffe ....

Metformin 500mg – Mechanism, uses, precautions and side effects

28 May 2024

Metformin chemically belongs to the class of biguanides. We have another drug within this category, ....

Carvedilol – Uses, precautions and side effects

28 May 2024

The suffix -lol indicates that carvedilol is a non-selective beta blocker, but this drug also has ad ....

Gabapentin vs Pregabalin

23 May 2024

Gabapentin and pregabalin both belong to the same category, and they are classified as anti-epilepti ....

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Recent questions

What are activating and deactivating groups

24 Apr 2020

If we compare the relative reactivity of the aromatic compounds towards electrophilic substitution reactions, which will be more reactive? Whether phenol or benzoic acid? Practically, the reactivity is observed more with phenol than with benzoic acid as the former has activating group while later is having deactivating group.....

Why cAMP produces contraction in heart but relaxation in smooth muscle

05 Aug 2019

Quite interestingly one of the important mediators, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) has dual role in our physiological system. It produces contraction of cardiac muscle at the same it produces relaxation in smooth muscle.....

What are the annulenes?

22,Mar 2019

Let's draw a cyclic ring and put double bonds alternatively. You can start with ring sizes 3,4, 5...so on and you can increase ring size as you wish. Interestingly you can find a common thing in all these rings. ....

Does tramadol act as an opioid?


Tramadol is an opioid with potential risk of seizures, serotonin syndrome, suicidal initiation and drug abuse. It should be restricted for low risk patients.....

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